What is IAS Exam?
Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is the Civil Services Examination and one of the toughest competitive exams in India conducted by Union Public Service Commission for the recruitment of officers for the All India Administrative civil service.
The Indian Administrative Service is the premier administrative civil service of the Government of India. IAS is the highest administrative post among the 24 services like IPS, IFS etc.
IAS is the permanent bureaucracy in India and forms a part of the executive branch. IAS is one of the three All India Services, its cadre can be employed by both the Union Government, the State Governments and public-sector undertakings.
IAS officer is given administrative command of an entire district as a District Collector. IAS officers also represent Government of India at international level in bilateral and multilateral negotiations.
- Candidate must be a citizen of India.
- Candidate must be a citizen of Nepal or a subject of Bhutan
- Candidate must be a Tibetan Refugee who came to India before 1st January 1962 to be settled permanently in India
- Candidate must be person of Indian Origin who has migrated from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Zaire, or Zambia with an intention of permanently settling in India
Candidate applying for civil service exams is required to fulfill the following criteria:
- Candidate must hold a Bachelor’s Degree from any of the recognised universities
- Candidates who have appeared for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results or those who are yet to appear for the qualifying examination are also eligible for the Preliminary Examination. Such candidates have to produce proof of passing the said examination along with the application for the Main Examination.
- Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognised by the Government or its equivalent are also elgible to apply
- Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination. However, they must submit a certificate from the concerned University that they have passed the final professional medical examination.
Age Limit :
A candidate should be minimum 21 years and maximum 32 years old as on August 01, 2017.
The upper age limit prescribed above is relaxable for the following candidates:
- 5 years – Scheduled Caste/ Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST)
- 3 years – Other Backward Classes (OBC)
- 5 years – if a candidate had ordinarily been domiciled in the State of Jammu & Kashmir during the period from the 1st January, 1980 to the 31st December, 1989.
- 3 years – Defence Services personnel
- 5 years – ex-servicemen including Commissioned Officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least 5 years Military Service as on 1st August, 2017
- 5 years in the case of ECOs/SSCOs
- 10 years – Blind, deaf-mute and orthopedically handicapped persons
Number of attempts:
Restriction on the maximum number of attempts is effective since 1984:
- For General Candidates: 6 attempts.
- Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Candidates (SC/ST): No Limits.
- Other Backward Classes (OBC): 9 attempts.
Civil Service Examination Pattern
The pattern of Civil services examination has been designed to test the academic expertise of a candidate and that candidate’s ability to present himself/herself in a systematic and coherent manner. The examination pattern intends to assess the overall intellectual traits and understanding level of the candidates.
The UPSC Civil Services Exam is conducted in two stages namely, Prelims and Mains, which are then followed by an interview.
Scheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examinations are as follows:
Preliminary Examination (400 Marks)
(This is also called Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) and is a common test for all applicants)
- The Prelims consists of two papers of 200 marks each
- Both the question papers are of the objective type (multiple choice questions) of two hours each
- The question papers will be set in both Hindi and English. However, questions related to English Language Comprehension skills would be provided only in English.
- Blind candidates would be allowed an extra 20 minutes of time for each paper
Main Examination (2075 Marks)
- Candidates who qualify Preliminary exam are called for Main exam and on the basis of marks secured in Main exam, they will be called for Interview
- The total marks of Main exam and Interview sum up to produce final result
The written examination consists of the following papers:
Paper I (Marks 300)
One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidates from the Languages included in the eighth schedule of the constitution
Paper II (Marks 300)
Paper to be counted or merits
(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)
|Paper III||Essay (Section 1)||200 Marks|
|English Comprehension and English Précis (Section 2)||100 Marks|
|(The level of paper would be Matriculation/10th standard level)|
|Paper IV||General Studies-I||250 Marks|
|(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)|
|Paper V||General Studies-II||250 Marks|
|(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)|
|Paper VI||General Studies-III||250 Marks|
|(Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)|
|Paper VII||General Studies-IV||250 Marks|
|(Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)|
|Paper VIII||Optional Subject-Paper I||250 Marks|
|Paper IX||Optional Subject-Paper II||250 Marks|
|Personality Test (Interview)||275 Marks|
|Grand Total||2075 Marks|